Acadian-Cajun Genealogy & History » Français  
Nova Scotia
The main section of Nova Scotia is often considered synonymous with "Acadia".
1604 to 1713
     First settled by the French eager to make money, within a few decades colonization and settling down to raise families took hold. Over its first century, Acadia changed hands multiple times. It was called Nova Scotia as early as 1621 when Sir William Alexander got a charter to develop 'New Scotland.' The local population continued to call it Acadia until the time of the deportations.



< Acadia, 1733

1713 to 1763
      In 1710, England took firm hold of Acadia in the Treaty of Utrecht. Though Acadians continued to live there, the English preferred to have its own (English-speaking, Protestant) settlers. It took them several decades, but finally in the mid 1750s they started colonizing the area with their own people. In conjunction with this, Charles Lawrence decided to deport the Acadians. Two large deportations (in 1755 and 1758) and Acadians fleeing to French Canada practically emptied the land of Acadians. Charles Morris gives an account & maps of Nova Scotia in 1761. Then the peace treaty came in 1763, Acadians were allowed to return.

Acadia, 1757 >

1763 to the Present
    Most did not return for various reasons. Those that did found that their fine farming land they had cultivated for over a century had been given to the English settlers and the Acadians would get the leftovers. Still, some did return.
    There are several 'pockets' of Acadian descendants found in Nova Scotia today.  In some cases, you may find Acadian names but not the culture.  This occurs in urban areas (ie. Halifax), in the former Beaubassin area (Minudie, Maccan, Nappan), and the communities of Pomquet, Tracadie, and Havre-Boucher.  They can be found at:
  • Clare (Digby County) has perhaps the largest, most "Acadian" group on the French Shore.    At the time of the return of the Acadians in the province after 1763, the lands they had previously occupied were now settled by the New England Planters whom had arrived after 1760. The Nova Scotia government allowed the Acadians to re-establish themselves provided they settled in areas other than their former homelands. Some arrived on the shores of present-day St. Mary's Bay, in Digby County to become primarily fishermen who supplemented their livelihood with small-scale farming, lumbering and boat building. Joseph Dugas and his family were the first to arrive in 1768. In subsequent years, other pioneer families arrived. Family names included: Amirault, Belliveau, Blinn, Boudreau, Comeau, Deveau, Doucet, Gaudet, Jeddry, LeBlanc, Lombard, Maillet, Melanson, Muise, Pothier, Robichaud, Saulnier, Thériault, Thibault, Thibodeau and Thimot. Today, the Municipality of Clare is the only one of its kind to operate in French within the province.   When in the area, be sure to check out Université Sainte-Anne (which contains an Acadian Cultural and Genealogical Centre), St. Mary's church, the Acadian Museum and Tourism Office in Meteghan (which also has a Collège de l'Acadie Learning Centre).
  • Argyle (Yarmouth County) has a number of Acadian communities in the former Pobomcoup/Cap Sable area.  Some of these towns are Pubnico, Quinan, Belleville, and Sainte-Anne-du-Ruisseau.  Acadian surnames in this area include: Amirault, Babin, Belliveau, Boucher, Boudreau, Bourque, Corporon, Cottreau, d'Entremont, d'Eon, Deveau, Doucette, Dulong, Jacquard, Landry, LeBlanc, Moulaison, Muise, Pothier, Surette, Richard, and Vacon.  When in the area, be sure to check out the Acadian Historical Village at West Pubnico.
  • Cheticamp (Inverness County) and nearby villages, first settled by the Acadian "Fourteen Elders" in 1782.  Acadian surnames in the area include: Aucoin, Boudreau, Bourgeois, Camus, Chiasson, Cormier, Delaney, Deveau, Doucet, Fiset, Gallant, Gaudet, Haché, Harris, Larade, LaPierre, LeBlanc, LeFort, LeLièvre, LeVert, Maillet, Muise, Poirier, Roach, and Romard.  When in the area, be sure to check out the Acadian Museum.
  • Chezzecook (near Halifax) was probably first settled by Acadians who had been held at Halifax until the Treaty in 1763.   They were later joined by Acadians from Isle Royale and Isle Madame.  When in the area, be sure to check out the Acadian House Museum in this area.
  • Isle Madame (Richmond County) was repopulated with Acadians in the later 1700s (though there had been some settlement there before the Deportation).   Some of the towns in the area include: Arichat, West Arichat, Port Royal, D'Escousse, Poulamon, Rivière-Bourgeois, Martinique, L'Ardoise, and Saint-Pierre. The family names The Acadian surnames in this area include: Babin, Benoît, Boudreau, Briand, Forgeron, Fougère, Girroir, Gerroir, Gerrior, Landry, Levandier, LaLeucher, LeBlanc, Marchand, Martell, Mombourquette, Pâté, Poirier, Richard, Samson, Thériault, and Thibeau.  When in the area, be sure to check out the Acadian Cultural Center and Nicholas Denys Museum.  La Picasse has a College de l'Acadie Learning Centre. 
  • Antigonish County has several villages settled by Acadians after they were allowed to return to Acadia in the 1770s and 1780s.  These include Pomquet, Tracadie and Havre Boucher. Acadian-related surnames in the area include: Barriault, Begin, Bellefontaine, Benoit, Boucher, Boudreau, Briand, Broussard, Charpentier, Cornu, Coté, Daigle, DeCoste, Deon, Jacquet dit DesLauriers, Doiron, Drouillet, Fougere, Girroir, Landry, LaMarre, LeBlanc, Levandier, LeParou, Mathe, Maillet, Melanson, Meunier, Morell, Phillipard, Rennie, Roger, Roi, Toupain, Venedam, Vincent, and Wolfe.
  • Guysborough County has Acadian descendants that resettled there from Chezzetcook.  They established the towns of Larry's River, Charlos Cove, and Port Felix. Acadian surnames in this area include: Bellefontaine, Benoit, Boudreau, David, Déon, Doiron, Fougère, Gerrior, Mannette, Pellerin, Pettipas, Richard, and Roi.
Acadian Places of Interest in Modern-Day Nova Scotia
Annapolis Royal, NS:
Fort Anne National Historic Site
     Canada's oldest Historic Site, it marks the location of Port Royal ... the "capital" of Acadia   A museum displays the history of the fort.
     Open 9-6; mid-May through mid-October, by appointment the rest of the year
     Adults: $2.50; Children: $1.10
Port Royal National Historic Site
     The highlight of the location is a reconstruction of the early 17th century structures (the Habitation) built by the earliest French settlers.
     Open 9-6; mid-May through mid-October
     Adults: $2.75; Children: $1.35
Cheticamp, NS:
Acadian Museum
     The museum has a small display Acadian artifacts, and also has demonstrations of wool carding, spinning, weaving and rug hooking.  There is a craft shop with locally made hooked rugs.  Acadian-style foods are also sold.
     Open 9-5 (May-June), 8-9 (July-August), 9-5 (September-October)
    Admission: Free
Les Trois Pignons
     This is a cultural and information center.  It is home to La Société Saint-Pierre and other community organizations.  There you can find the genealogy and history of the Acadians at Cheticamp, as well as a collection of fine artifacts (including the LeFort tapestries).
Church Point, NS:
Évangéline - The Musical drama
     Though not an historic location, you should enjoy this portrayal of Longfellow's classic tale, given throught the summer months.
     Adults: : $15; Seniors: $13; Students: $8
Falmouth, NS: 
Ste. Famille Cemetery
     This restoration of the Acadian Ste. Famille parish cemetery has been underway for three years.
Louisbourg, NS: 
Fortress of Louisbourg  [Note: There are a couple more Louisbourg-related links on the LINKS page]
     This is a reconstruction of the 18th century French fortress.  Though not an Acadian structure, it is certain that some Acadians visited there and many more had dealings with the community.
     Open 9:30-5 (9-7 in July & August); May 1 through October 3
     Adults: $11; Children: $5.50
Meteghan, NS:
Old Acadian House & Tourist Bureau 
      Open Mid-June to mid-September 
      902-645-2389
St. Joseph du Moine, NS:
Aucoin House
     An Acadian descendant's home built in the 1890s.
Truro, NS:
Colchester Historical Museum [click on Museum]
     Interested in the preservation and interpretation of the historical and natural history of Colchester County.  This area included the Acadian area of Cobequid.
     Open 10-12 & 2-5 (T-F); 2-5 (S) 
West Pubnico, NS:
The Acadian Museum & Father d'Entremont Arcives
     This museum, by the La Socitete Historique Acadienne de Pubnico-Ouest, contains artifacts of Acadian culture and is located in the old Cape Sable area.
     Open 9-5 (except Sunday: 12:30-4:30); mid-June through mid-September
     Adults: $2; Children: free
Le Village historique acadien de la Nouvelle-Écosse
     A village of replicated and original Acadian buildings is being put together in southern Nova Scotia.  It is scheduled to open in the summer of 1999.
     Open 10-5; early June through mid-October
     Adults: $4; Students: $2; Seniors: $3.50; Family: $10; Children 6 and under: free
Windsor, NS:
Fort Edward [also a couple of images here]
     This fort was built by the English around 1750 in the Pisiquid area of Acadia.  You can still visit the blockhouse.
West Hants Historical Society Museum
     The preserves artifacts and historical information related to Hants County, Nova Scotia ... which includes some Acadian material.
      Open 9-5 (M-S) June - September, and also 11-5 (Sun) in June - August
Wolfville, NS:
Grand Pre National Historic Site
     The site contains 14 acres of formal gardens, statues, a 19th-century blacksmith's shop and a reconstruction of the Grand Pre church of the Acadians.
      Open 9-6; mid-May through mid-October
     Adults: $2.50; Children: $1.10
Grand Pre Historic Settlement
     Tentative plans were made to put together an Acadian village next to the historic site.  As far as I know, it was never undertaken.  Any news on this project would be appreciated.  The link takes you to a page on the idea.
LINKS

  • Acadian Resources at the Nova Scotia Archives
     - Acadian Heartland: The Records of British Government at Annapolis Royal, 1713-1749
     - Acadian Heartland: Records of the Deportation and Le Grand Dérangement, 1714-1768
     - Acadian Genealogical Sources
     - This is Our Home: Acadians of Nova Scotia
     - An Acadian Parish Remembered - St. Jean Baptiste, Annapolis Royal, 1702-1755

     - The Port Royal Habitation: Four Hundred Years of European Settlement in North America
  • Archaeology: The Early Acadian Period in Nova Scotia
  • The Acadians of Cape Breton {archived version}

TOURISM:
  • Nova Scotia
  • Destination: Nova Scotia
  • Nova Scotia Online
  • Highway Map of Nova Scotia [PDF]

BOOKS:
  • An Historical and Statistical Account of Nova Scotia by Haliburton
  • Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Society
     - Vol. 1: includes Col. John Winslow's 1755 Journal (p. 71) (scanned incorrectly, should have other content)
     - Vol. 4: includes Vetch papers, 1710-13 (p.11), Col. John Winslow's 1755 Journal (p. 113)
     - Vol. 7:
     - Vol. 9:
     - Vol. 11:
     - Vol. 14:
     - Vol. 16:
     - Vol. 18:
     - Vol. 20:

  • A List of Micmac Names of Places, Rivers, Etc. in Nova Scotia
  • The Memorials of the English and French commissaries concerning the limits of Nova Scotia or Acadia
  • Selections from the Public Documents of the Province of Nova Scotia by Akins
  • Histoire de la Nouvelle-France by Lescarbot
  • Acadian Legends and Lyrics by Eaton
  • Une Colonie Feodale en Amerique by Rameau
  • The Acadian Exiles: a Chronicle of the Land of Evangeline by Doughty
  • History of Kings County by Eaton
  • Acadia: A Lost Chapter in American History by Smith
  • History of Nova Scotia, Vol. 1 by Allison
  • History of Nova Scotia, Vol. 2 by Allison
  • History of Nova Scotia, Vol. 3 by Allison
  • A History of Nova Scotia, or Acadie, Vol. 1 by Murdoch
  • A History of Nova Scotia, or Acadie, Vol. 2 by Murdoch
  • A History of Nova Scotia, or Acadie, Vol. 3 by Murdoch
  • A History of Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia by Patterson
  • Place Names of the Province of Nova Scotia by Brown
  • An Historical and Statistical Account of Nova Scotia by Haliburton
  • A History of the County of Pictou by Patterson
  • The Neutral French by Williams
  • Nova Scotia: The Royal Charter of 1621 to Sir William Alexander by Fraser
  • History of Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, ... by Martin
  •
  •
  •
  •
  •

Google Map - Nova Scotia


Acadia: 1632-1653 * 1654-1670 * 1671-1689 * 1690-1709 * 1710-1729 * 1730-1748 * 1749-1758
May God bless you.
Copyright © 1997-09 Tim Hebert