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Exile Destination: South Carolina
 
 
SOUTH CAROLINA - 942 Acadians

     The book History of South Carolina states that the first ship to arrive was the Baltimore Snow in Nov. 1755.  Between November 1755 and January 1756, 942 Acadians arrived in South Carolina. It is known that 5 ships left for South Carolina on Oct. 13 ... 4 of these from Beaubassin and one from Minas.  The 4 from Beaubassin were the Success (capt. John Rouse), the Edward Cornwallis (capt. Andrew Sinclair), the Dolphin (capt. William Hancock), and the Endeavor (capt. James Nichols) .   Of the 417 Acadians who boarded the 130 ton Edward Cornwallis, only 207 survived the trip.  The Endeavor arrived with 121 Acadians.  We have arrival dates for the Dolphin (a 90 ton sloop) and Endeavor (a 96 ton sloop) of Nov. 19. 
      The Nov. 20, 1755 South Carolina Gazette noted that a ship (with 210 Acadians), a brigantine (with 137 Acadians), and a sloop (with 124 Acadians) had arrived the previous Saturday. They were led by Capt. Charles Proby in the Syren.
      The Warren, an armed schooner captained by Abraham Adams, left from Minas.
     The sloop Baltimore set sail from Annapolis Royal on Dec. 8, 1755 and headed for South Carolina.  Captained by T. Owen, it escorted 3 snows, 2 ships, and a brigantine.  Gipson says these ships carryed over 1600 Acadians? [Gipson, V. 6, p. 269]
     Some were restricted to the ships for weeks while officials tried to decide what to do with them. The Nov. 27, 1755 South Caroline Gazette notes that the local officials still had not decided what to do with the 600 "neutral French" that had arrived. ["The General Assembly of this Province have been sitting since Thursday last; but, we don't hear, that they have yet determined, how the 600 Neutral French lately arrived here shall be disposed of. On Saturday last came in, His Majesty's Ship Syven , commanded by the Hon Charles Proby , Esq; and is already sitting out for a Cruze. We hear, she has some Neutral French on board."]  The health conditions were so poor that they eventually unloaded onto the beaches.
     The South Carolina Gazette noted on May 7, 1756 that "upwards of 80 Acadians went from hence in Canows (canoes), for the Northward : The Country Scout-Boats accompany them as far as Winyab. Yesterday upwards of 50 more of those People went for Virginia , in the Sloop Jacob Capt. Noel."
South Carolina, 1759 - note the label for "The French Refugees Settlements"
South Carolina, 1759

     While there were more French-speaking settlers in South Carolina than in other colonies, these were all Protestants (Huguenots that had begun arriving in 1685). Even they were not happy that they were taxed to pay for 3 months of welfare for the Acadians. The Acadians were barred from owning firearms from fears they would use them for harm.
     The Acadians were settled in Charlestown, Saxe-Gotha, Amelia, St. Helena; St. George's; St. James, Goose Creek; Prince George Winyaw, and Prince William's parish; 80% of them were sent to parishes outside the capital. The 20% in Charlestown were supported by the church wardens and vestry of St. Philip's. (Snowden/Cutler, p. 271)   But by 1759, the church was refusing to help the poor Acadians. The Commons House of Assembly noted in March 1759 that the approximately 340 Acadians - who were destitute - were refused assistance by the church wardens of St. Philips. [ref.] By July 12 of 1760, the House noted that the Acadians were down to 210 (42 men, 42 women, 52 boys, and 74 girls). Even though orphans could be bound out to learn a trade and other could earn money serving families, the Acadians insisted on living together in poor conditions. Up to that time, 25,000 pounds had been spent on them. They refused to blend in and after 5 years still wanted to return to their former home. The House urged that they be brought to Europe or some French port in America and offered to pay the costs. [ref.]
     Lyn Wilkerson, in Roads Less Traveled, (p. 175) noted that the Acadians settled near the former Lenud's Ferry location on the Santee River. The ferry's name comes from Lanneau, which comes from descendants of 2 Lanoue orphans adpted by Henry Laurens. French Huguenots had first settled the Santee River area in 1685.

     The July 22, 1756 issue of the South Carolina Gazette relates the act passed with regards to the Acadians.
The following ABSTRACT of an Act, intitled an Act for disposing of the A now in Charles-Town, by settling One Fifth Part of their Number in the Parishes of St. Philip and St. Michel, and the other Four Parts of them in the several other Parishes within this Province, is published in this Gazette, by His Excellency's Command, to the End that all Persons concerned may govern themselves accordingly.

ENACTED, That the governor, with the advice of his majesty's council, have power of send 4 5ths of the Acadians , now in Charles-Town, into the several other parishes in this province, in such manner as he shall judge convenient.

That the expense of so sending them shall be defrayed by a general tax.

That the church-wardens and vestries, and other persons appointed for that purpose, shall be obliged to receive and take charge of the Acadians so sent into their respective parishes; and keep them in such places in the said parishes as they shall judge to be most convenient, with the consent of the owners of such places: And shall also provide for their maintenance and support, at the public expense, for the space of three months after receiving them, unless they are sooner disposed of, not exceeding the rate of ten shillings per heads, per week: Under pain of forfeiting five pounds for every Acadian they neglect or refuse to receive, take charge of, maintain, &c.

That in case any Acadians shall remain in many of the said parishes, after the expiration of the said three months, who shall not be able to labour, or whom the church wardens and cannot bind out, such shall be maintained at the public expence.

That when any of the said Acadians are ordered to be sent any of the parishes aforesaid, the commissary-general shall take an account of their number, age, sex, and sizes, and enter the same in a Book, together with the names of the parishes they are sent to; to the end that, if any of them leave the said parishes, they may be returned thereto; which may be done by any justice of the peace: And the said church wardens, &c. are obliged to receive them again, under the like penalty as before imposed.

That in case any of the said Acadians shall refuse to labour with such persons as are willing to provide them with cloaths and victuals for their service, then the said church-wardens, vestry, and other persons to be appointed as aforesaid, or any of the, are authorized and impowered, by a certificate under their or either of their hands and seal, to bind the Acadians , or any of them, to such persons as may be willing to take them, upon such terms, and for such time as the said church wardens, &c. or any of them shall think necessary: But no Acadian upwards of 18 years of age, shall be obliged to serve more than three years, nor any under 18 longer than 'till they arrive at the age of twenty one years.

certificates shall be in the words viz.

SOUTH-CAROLINA. years from the Date hereof, Direction of an Act of the of the failed province intitled, an of the Acadians now in One Fifth Part of Pari of St. Philip and and the other Four Parts of them other Parishes within this said to find the Most, Drink, and .
this Day of Anno Domins.

That the said church wardens, &c. shall have for every such certificate twenty shillings current money, from the person to whom they bind any Acadian: And that the said church-wardens, &c. shall enter the name of every Acadian so by them bound, and of every person to whom bound, in a book; that recourse may be had to the same if need be. But such certificate shall be avoid and of none effect, whenever his majesty's pleasure shall be signified that the said Acadians shall be otherwise disposed of.

That the said certificate shall be sufficient in law to bind every Acadian according, to the tenor thereof, and be transferable, and subject them to all the regulations mentioned in the act for the governing of white servants , as if an indenture had been voluntarily executed by every person so bound.

That the church-wardens, &c. of St. Philip's parish shall dispose of the remaining fifth of the said Acadians , in the same manner and form, and be under the same regulations &c. as is directed in the disposing of them in other parishes. And,

That it shall not be lawful for any of the said Acadians to have or use any fire-arms or other offensive weapons, on any account or pretence whatever; and any person finding such in their possession may take and keep the same to his own proper use.

Passed the 16 th Day of July , 1756.

      A letter from South Carolina printed in the April 10, 1760 Pennsylvania Gazette noted the recent casualties, which included Acadians ... "Tis to be presumed you will naturally expect some News relative to the present Situation of this Colony, which you will, in a few Words, conceive, when I assure you, that no Description can surpass its Calamity. --- What few escape the Indians, no sooner arrive in Town, than they are seized with the Small Pox, which generally carries them off; and, from the Numbers already dead, you may judge the Fatality of the Disease. Of the white Inhabitants 95; Acadians 115; Negroes 500, were dead two Days ago, by the Sexton Account. About 1500 white Inhabitants, 1800 Negroes, and 300 Acadians , have had the Distemper, and chiefly by Inoculation."
     At least three groups of South Carolina Acadians tried to “escape” to the west over land. When the officials suspected that they Acadians might join forces (militarily) with the Indians, they chased after them. Two of the groups were retrieved. Another group made their way to the Santee River Valley, stealing weapons and supplies on the way. Only two of the group are known to have made it to Fort Duquesne in the Ohio Valley.
      Unlike some northern colonies that tried to absorb the Acadians, the South Carolina officials encouraged the Acadians to leave. The assembly bought them two old ships to use. A large number of the Acadians boarded the ships and sailed northward. When the old ship was beached near Hampton, Virginia, they put their money together and bought another ship. This ship was also in poor condition and was beached at Maryland. After working for two months, they set sail again and reached the St. John River in Nova Scotia. Once there, many of the Acadians joined in the guerilla confict against the British.
     In the March 22, 1764 Pennsylvania Gazette, an entry from Charlestown, SC notes on Feb. 18 that "The remains of the Acadians that were removed to this province in the year 1755, and who all went from hence for Cape Francois in November last, soon after their arrival there, had land allotted them at Cape Nicola in the Windward Passage, and are settling at the Platform, where most English vessels passing to and from Jamaica commonly call for water; but are by no means pleased, either with their reception or situation."
      Not all Acadians were on the old ships that left South Carolina. Those who stayed behind tried to find work. Some were used as indentured servants ... perhaps even being taken away in chains.


Acadians who landed in South Carolina, from Exile Without an End (Milling)

The sloop Dolphin, Wm. Hancock, master

Captain's Spelling             French Spelling           Wife  Children
Peter GOLD                     Pierre GOURDE              1       3
Joseph PURYE                   Joseph POIRIER             1       2
John PURYE                     Jean POIRIER               1       2
Joseph PURYE                   Joseph POIRIER             1       1
Joseph PURYE                   Joseph POIRIER             1       3
Franceway PURYE                Francois POIRIER           1       1
Peter PURYE                    Pierre POIRIER             1       7
Paul PURYE                     Paul POIRIER               1       4
John PURYE                     Jean POIRIER               1       0
Balone DUSET                   Beloni DOUCET              1       3
Mich DURNA                     Michel BERNARD             1       3
John BURNA                     Jean BERNARD               1       1
Paul DURAN                     Paul DUHON                 1       3
Paul DURAN                     Paul DUHON                 1       3
Joseph DURAN                   Joseph DUHON               1       1
Peter BUSHER                   Pierre BOUCHER             1       1
Paul PURYE                     Paul POIRIER               1       4
Joseph DURAM                   Joseph DUHON               1       6
Jolour LUNDRIE                 Jolour LANDRY              1       3
Joseph ABAR                    Joseph HEBERT              1       3
Glod ABAR                      Claude HEBERT              1       1
John PURYE                     Jean POIRIER               1       0
John DURON                     Jean DUHON                 1       6
Peter TEBUTHU                  Pierre THIBODEAU           1       0
Peter PURYE                    Pierre POIRIER             0       0
Charles BROWN                  Charles BRUN               1       2
Joseph PURYE                   Joseph POIRIER             1       1
Andrew LEBLANG                 Andre LEBLANC              1       2

The Cornwallis, Andrew Sinclair, master
John MULTON                    Jean MOUTON                1       1
John LEWIS                     Jean LOUIS                 1       1
Joseph KASEY                   Joseph QUESSY              1       5
Peter DERMER                   Pierre DEMERS              1       8
Joseph GRANGIE                 Joseph GRANGER             1       8
Jorotan LAVOA                  Jorotan LAVOIE             1       6
Francis PURYE                  Francois POIRIER           1      10
Mich WAIR                      Michel MAYER, Douaire      1       7
John DAY                       Jean DAIGLE                1       4
Paul LAVOY                     Paul LAVOIE                1       3
Jarman CARRY                   Germain CARRIER            1       2
Marran LIBLANG                 Marran LEBLANC             1       5
Alex See CURMIE                Alexandre CORMIER          1       7
Joseph CURMIE                  Joseph CORMIER             1       7
Alexander See CASIE            Alexandre QUESSY           1       6
Charles BURVOC                 Charles BELLIVEAU          1       8
Jarman FURRIE                  Joseph FOURNIER            1       5
Abrance SKISON                 Abrance CHIASSON           1       5
John DUPIO                     Jean DUPUIS                1       2
John FURRIE                    Jean FOURNIER              1      10
John CARRIE                    Jean CARRIER               1       8
Tako BONVIE                    Tako BONNEVIE              1       4
Alex See                       ALEXANDRE                  1      10
Peter LAMBEER                  Pierre LAMBERT             1       7
Charles DUZIE                  Charles DOUCET             1       9
The sloop Endeavour, James Nichols, master
Captain's Spelling           French Spelling              Wife  Children
Line OUGAN                   Line HOUGON                    1      3
Peter OUGAN                  Pierre HOUGON                  1      5
James OUGAN                  Jacques HOUGON                 1      2
Peter OUGAN                  Pierre HOUGON                  1      1
John CORME                   Jean CORMIER                   1      7
Mich CORME                   Michel CORMIER                 1      1
John MULTON                  Jean MOUTON                    1      3
John JENVO                   Jean JEANVEAU                  1      0
Glod TOUDEAU                 Claude TRUDEAU                 1      3
Paul MORTON                  Paul MARTIN                    1      5
John MORTON                  Jean MARTIN                    1      0
Innes WOIRT                  Innes OUELLETTE                1      4
Jeremia DUSET                Jeremie DOUCET                 1      5
Joseph CARE                  Joseph CARRIER                 1      4
Charles BENN                 Charles AUBIN                  1      2
John DUPE                    Jean DUPUIS                    1      8
Francis LOPEORE              Francois LAPIERRE              1      3
Francis LABLONG              Francois LEBLANC               1      2
Joseph LABLONG               Jean LEBLANC                   1      2
Simon LABLONG                Simon LEBLANC                  0      1
Peter MORTON                 Pierre MARTIN                  0      0
John BLONCHIN                Jean BLANCHARD                 0      0
Mich DEPE                    Michel DUPUIS                  0      0
Joseph LEGER                 Joseph LEGER                   0      0
Alexander COMMO              Alexandre COMEAU               0      0
John BALLEO                  Jean BELLIVEAU                 0      0
Joseph PETERS                Joseph PITRE                   0      0
Michael HACHE                Michel HACHE'                  0      0
Peter HACHE                  Pierre HACHE'                  0      0
Peter CURME                  Pierre CORMIER                 0      0
Francis DUSET                Francois DOUCET                0      0
John CURME                   Jean CORMIER                   0      0
Peter ROBERRT                Pierre ROBERT                  0      0
Peter OBEN                   Pierre AUBIN                   0      0
Michael LAPEIRE              Michel LAPIERRE                0      0
Michel PORE                  Michel POIRIER                 0      0
John CREMAN                  Jean GRENON                    0      0
John SHESONG                 Jean CHIASSON                  0      0
Peter BURSWOY                Pierre BOURGEOIS               0      0
 
Acadians that can't work or are sick/infirmed, Jan. 28, 1756
As Spelled in Record         French Spelling             Wife  Children
John GIROIRE                 Jean GIROUARD                 1       2
Gabriel GOSLIN               Gabriel GOSSELIN              1       0
Widow of John SAVOIRS        Vve Jean SAVOYE               -       3
Herman DOUCIT                Herman DOUCET                 1       6
Frances VINCENT, widow       Francoise VINCENT             -       2
Chas. Ignace CARREE, lunatic Charles Ignace CARRIER        -       0
John CORMY                   Jean CORMIER                  1       7
Peter HUGON                  Pierre DUHON                  1       2
Joseph CORMY                 Joseph CORMIER                1       4
Pierre CORNIEU               Pierre CORMIER                1       5
Marguerite AUCOIN (Husband left behind) Marguerite AUCOIN  -       2
Widow AUCOIN                 Vve AUCOIN                    -       3
Margaret TEBODEAU            Marguerite THIBODEAU          -       1
Joseph CORNIEU               Joseph CORMIER                1       1
Paul POIREY                  Paul POIRIER                  1       3
Bellony DOUCET               Beloni DOUCET                 1       3
Joseph POIVEREAU             Joseph POIVEREAU              -       1
Charles DOUERT (and aged mother) Charles DOUCET            -       6
Francis POIVEREAU            Francois POIVEREAU            1       1
GOULD                        GOURDE                        -       2
Louis HOUGIN                 Louis HUGON                   -       4
Jerman FORRYNS               Germain FORET                 -       3
John LOUISEAU                Jean LIZOT                    -       3
Joseph DUCONT                Joseph DUCONT                 1       6
Ignace NURIAT                Ignace NUIRAT                 1       2
Joseph HUBERT                Joseph HUBERT                 1       3
Francis LEBLANC              Francois LEBLANC              -       -
Abraham SOYSANT              Abraham SOYSANT               1       6
Peter LAMBERE                Pierre LAMBERT                1       2
Alexander CUMON              Alexandre COMEAU              -       0
Charles BRUYN                Charles BRUN                  -       0
Francis MOSES                Francois MOYSE                -       0
Michael RICHARD              Michel RICHARD                -       0
Basil GREVOIR                Basile GREGOIRE               -       0
John BLANCHARD               Jean BLANCHARD                -       0
Peter BOURGEOIS              Pierre BOURGEOIS              -       0
Michael LAMBIERE             Michel LAMBERT                -       0
LINKS:
History of South Carolina, p. 271, by Snowden & Cutler
• Exile Without an End, by Chapman Milling
The Colonial Records of South Carolina - Journals of the Commons House of Assembly
     Some of the entries that specifically mention the Acadians are:
          - 2 April 1759 Acadians
          - 6 July 1759 Petition, Church Wardens of Parish of St. Philip Charles Town
          - 9 February 1760 French Acadians & Small-Pox
          - 12 February 1760 French Acadians
          - 16 May 1760 Church Refuses Relief for French Acadians
          - 27 May 1760 Accounts, Creeks, Small-Pox
          - 27 June 1760 Acadians
          - 12 July 1760 Acadians
          - 17 July 1760 Indians & Acadians
          - 18 July 1760 Acadians & Indians
          - 5 August 1760 Accadians, Raising Forces, Rewards, Provisions
Map of Charlestown, 1788
The 1755 Exile
The 1758 Exile
The "End" of the Exile
Exile Destinations
England | Quebec | New Brunswick | Prince Edward Island | Nova Scotia | France
St. Domingue | Martinique | French Guiana | Falkland Islands | St. Pierre & Miquelon | Louisiana
American Colonies
Connecticut | Georgia | Maryland | Massachusetts | New York | Pennsylvania | South Carolina
Copyright © 1997-09 Tim Hebert