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Exile Destination: Cherbourg, France

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     On Nov. 30, 1758, a group of sickly Acadians arrived in Cherbourg from Ile Royale  and Ile St. Jean.  Fifty-three deaths were registered between Dec. 1, 1758 and Feb. 22, 1759. 
     They were joined by 147 Acadians from on Jan. 14, 1760 who had left Halifax in mid-December 1759.  Most of these Halifax Acadians were from the Cap Sable region, though some were from the St. John River.  This second group was apparently hard hit also, with 137 Acadian deaths registered from Dec. 1758 to Nov. 1760.
     A list of "rural people and bourgeois" of Cherbourg in 1760 who could get salt without paying taxes included 15 families (59 persons) from Louisbourg or Acadia.  A similar listing in 1761 showed 34 families (53 people). 
      Though the government was supposed to give the Acadians welfare, it was sometimes reduced or didn't arrive at all.  The local government noted the "sad situation of the Canadians residing in the town … they continue to languish in the most frightful misery; burdened with debts and without any resource on which to subsist, we have the sadness to see them perish from hunger without being able to procure for them any relief."  The Duke of Choiseul answered from Versailles with "the king, informed of their sad situation, wished well to continue (the aid) to them." (Nov. 30, 1761)
     Since the Acadians first arrived, the Duke had promised 6 sols a day to the Acadians of "low condition" and 20 sols a day to missionaries and nuns.  Fathers Cassiet, Coquart, Desenclaves, Girard, and Manach received from 200 to 400 pounds each.  Le Loutre got 600 pounds in April 1759.  The navy also gave funds to retired military (ie. Joseph Bellefontaine, former rich major at the St. John River who was paralyzed & died at Cherbourg 12/14/76 age 80), the d'Entremonts, and the infirmed.
             The head d'Entremont was Charles, a former fisherman who was crippled (in 1 leg) and had an invalid wife.
 At the beginning of 1773, there were 228 Acadians at Cherbourg.  But commissioner general of the navy, LeMoyne, recruited 163 of them to attempt the settlement at Poitou.   LeMoyne recruited 2566 Acadians in all for the Poitou settlement.   (From Nantes to Louisiana, Braud)
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